Greg Freeman, South Carolina

Emerald Sea open pollinated Seedling in Bloom

December 1, 2009

Categories: Autumn Blooming Daffodils, Bulb Information, Growing Daffodils, Hybridizing, Seedling

Download PDF

Last year, seedlings (‘Emerald Sea’ 7W-G open pollinated) received from Dr. Harold Koopowitz didn’t bloom well in my garden, but they appear to have settled right in this year.  The first one has been in bloom for a few days.  I have given them numbers for identification purposes since I plan to freeze pollen from some of them for use in the spring. 
HK2-08, in the attached photo, is similar to its parent in that it is slightly reflexed.  It opened with a pale sage green perianth and darker green corona.  Over time, it appears the petals become whiter, and the cup fades to a soft pastel green.  Surprisingly, both bloom stalks of HK2-08 have eight florets each!  ‘Emerald Sea’ is said to normally have four to six, and I’m assuming Narcissus viridiflorus rarely exceeds three or four based on the photographs I’ve seen.
Some of the other seedlings, which are now beginning to open, appear likely to have green perianths and green coronas.
Last year, the seedlings were planted upon receipt in November and began emerging in December.  They tried their best to bloom in late December/early January, but the weather gave them a good working over.  Lots of rain!  However, the foliage lasted well into late April/early May, and long-lasting foliage, of course, is a good thing.  This summer, I lifted the bulbs, stored them and replanted them in a new location with better drainage.  They all began emerging within days of each other during the first couple weeks of November, and HK2-08’s first bloom opened on November 29.  Incidentally, we have had plenty of rain and a couple of good frosts as well as a few days in the high 60s and low 70s.
I am in Zone 7, and it will be interesting to see if these seedlings will feel right at home over time or fade away.  I understand Narcissus viridiflorus outside of its natural habitat is fickle at best, and most people have to confine it to containers in greenhouses.  Upstate South Carolina, I’m quite sure, is nothing like Dr. Koopowitz’s garden in Santa Ana, California.  So this will prove to be as much of a great experiment as it is a great learning experience!  In any event, I’m having fun!!!  I will post more photos in the coming days as the flowers continue to bloom.
Greg Freeman
Walhalla, South Carolina, USA

Windows Live Hotmail gives you a free,exclusive gift. Click here to download.

2 responses to “Emerald Sea open pollinated Seedling in Bloom”

  1. Theo Sanders, Germany Theo Sanders says:

    Greg and Lawrence,
    Today I looked at some pollen which went to the freezer in 2006. For N. viridiflorus I found about 10 percent sprouting pollen grains under the microscope, for Emerald Sea 15 percent, for N. miniatus 5 percent, for N. triandrus pallidulus 20 percent and for N. tazetta 20 percent. In any case more than enough for successful crosses.
    I believe it is possible to cultivate Emerald Sea and some other crosses of N. viridiflorus with tetraploid standard daffodils outdoors in Germany ( zone 8 ). Under these circumstances they should come to flower in early spring and not in autumn.

  2. Loyce McKenzie, Mississippi Loyce McKenzie says:

    If you are fascinated with the useful implications of this reply from Theo Sanders, look forward to an article
    of his on the topic  in the December ADS Daffodil Journal, which went to the mailing service yesterday.
    Loyce McKenzie